#30B, Street 652​, Sangkat Tek La-Ak III, Khan Tuol Kork, Phnom Penh, Kingdom of Cambodia.

Tel : +855 23 882 676, Email: afa@cma-network.org

Regulators/Legal Framework

Microfinance is supported in Cambodia by a regulatory framework that aims to assist the growth and development of MFIs. The Royal Government of Cambodia has instituted two major instruments to create this legal framework: The Law on Banking and Financial Institutions and Prakas.

Law on Banking and Financial Institutions

First enacted in November 1999, the Law on Banking and Financial Institutions aims to create confidence in the banking system, promote the use of savings and encourage financial sustainability. The legislation clearly defines the legal status of MFIs as a provider of loans and deposits to poor and low-income households and micro-enterprises.

Prakas on Licensing of Microfinance Institutions

Issued by the National Bank of Cambodia (NBC) in 2000 Prakas B7.00-06 outlines the process of MFI registration and licensing in Cambodia. Registration is compulsory for any MFI that meets one or more of the following conditions:

  • a loan portfolio outstanding equal to or greater than KHR 100 million;
  • savings mobilized from the general public amounting to KHR1 million or more;
  • 100 depositors or more.

Licensing is required for larger MFIs. It is compulsory for any MFI that meets one or more of the following conditions:

  • a loan portfolio outstanding equal to or greater than KHR 1,000 million;
  • 1,000 borrowers or more;
  • savings mobilized from the general public amounting to KHM100 million or more;
  • 1,000 depositors or more.

Regulations after licensing

After an MFI is licensed it must comply with a number of prudential regulations which include:

  • capital guarantee deposit of 5% percent of capital;
  • reserve requirement of 5% of total voluntary deposits;
  • capital adequacy ratio of 20%;
  • maintenance of liquid assets of at least 25% of total voluntary savings;
  • aggregate loan commitment to an individual borrower or a group of borrowers that does not exceed 10% of new worth.

Additionally, in line with Prakas B7.02-145, a licensed MFI must classify their loan portfolio into the four separate classes with different provision requirements defined below:

Loan     class       


Provision requirements            

   Description

1. Standard 

no provision required

Good financial condition and punctual payment of principal and interest.

2. Sub-standard

10%

Some payments of principal and/or interest are overdue by 30 days or more.

3. Doubtful

30%

Some payments of principal and/or interest are overdue as follows:
loans with original maturity ≤ 1 year that are ≥ 60 days overdue loans with original maturity > 1 year that are ≥ 180 days overdue

4. Loss

100%

Some payments of principal and/or interest are overdue as follows:
loans with original maturity ≤ 1 year that are ≥ 90 days overdue loans with original maturity > 1 year that are ≥ 360 days overdue

 

Prakas relevant to microfinance
Some of the prakas relevant to microfinance can be accessed here from the NBC website:

  • Prakas on Licensing of Microfinance Deposit Taking Institutions
  • Amendment to Prakas on Licensing of Microfinance Institutions
  • Prakas and Circulars relating to Law on Banking and Financial Institutions, issued in 2006-2007
  • Prakas and Circulars relating to Law on Banking and Financial Institutions, issued in 2005-2006
  • Prakas and Circulars relating to Law on Banking and Financial Institutions, issued in 2004-2005
  • Prakas and Circulars relating to Law on Banking and Financial Institutions, issued in 2001-2004
  • Prakas relating to Law on Banking and Financial Institutions, issued in 2000
  • Prakas on Reporting date for microfinance Institutions
  • Prakas on Credit Reporting from NBC (Available in Khmer & English

LATEST DATA FOR CAMBODIAN MICROFINANCE

Wednesday, 3 May 2017 (Updated)
N& MFIs 59 MFIs 61 MFIs
Loan $3,065.54 $3,328.00
Borrower 1,921,956 1,848,571
Deposits $1,490.22 $1,625.16
Depositor 1,596,863 1,652,227
Figure Q4/2016 Q1/2017

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